Pop quiz: Who holds the record for most stolen bases in a professional baseball season, ranks second among all professional base stealers, and averaged 150 stolen bases a season?
If you answered Rickey Henderson, you couldn’t be more wrong.
Her name is Sophie Kurys (pronounced “curries”). A young woman from Flint, Michigan, she was a founding member of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League and a second baseman for the Racine Belles.
Kurys signed her first contract, for $50 a week, one day shy of her 18th birthday.
Kurys would play for eight seasons for the Belles, including rejoining them a year after they left Racine and moved to Battle Creek. Her best season would come in 1946 when she was named player of the year after gathering 215 hits and stealing 201 bases in 203 attempts, a professional record that still stands today. She would hit .286 that season with a .434 on base percentage, score 117 runs, walk 93 times and collect a .973 fielding percentage, leading the league in each category. Her walks and fielding percentage marks in 1946 would go down as league records.
She wasn’t done with just the regular season, though. She would lead all hitters in the post-season that year and have one of the most amazing games in professional baseball history in the sixth and deciding game of the league championship.
The game itself was a bit of an enigma Carolyn Morris, the Rockford ace, had thrown a no-hitter through nine innings before surrendering the first hit of the game in the 10th. Meanwhile, Racine’s pitcher, Joanne Winter allowed 19 base runners through 14 innings, stranding them all. The game had gone 14 innings without a run, despite Kurys four stolen bases up to that point. She would single and steal her fifth base of the game in the bottom of the 14th inning, putting her at second base with Betty Trezza, her double play partner and shortstop for Racine, at the plate.
As Kurys broke for third as Trezza singled through the right side. As the throw came home from right field, Kurys would hook slide around the catcher’s tag and provide Racine with the 1946 championship. It was easy to see that the young lady had earned the nickname “Flint Flash”.
“A hook slide away from the tag by a player wearing a skirt – how about that? Sophie was certainly one of our best,” stated Lois Youngen, former AAGPBL Players Association President.
Many managers and players credit Kurys for her ability to read a pitcher and her attention to the detail for her base stealing prowess. While she was certainly fast, she would get an incredible jump off the pitcher and was a “master of the slide”.
She played her first few years in the league as the clean up hitter for the team but new manager Leo Murphy, who took over the reigns of the Belles in 1945, identified her base running abilities and moved her to the leadoff spot where she flourished for her team.
She would finish her career with 1,114 stolen bases. That mark would stand as a professional record until Rickey Henderson would eventually surpass her, finishing his career with 1,406. Her 201 stolen bases in 1946 remains a record in professional baseball today. She would also steal 166, 142, 172, and 137 bases in a season during her career, all more than Henderson’s modern-era record of 130 and three of which were higher than Hugh Nicol‘s 1887 total of 138.
Kurys passed away on February 17, 2013 at the age of 87 years old in Scottsdale, Arizona due to surgical complications.
Read more about Sophie in this comprehensive article, Playing Hardball In The All-American League at aagpbl.org
Bill Ivie is the editor here at Full Spectrum Baseball
Follow him on Twitter here.